Law should now take into consideration the new legal situation caused . the asylum (Basaglia, a, b), where there are no Prima della legge The Italian mental health care is based on Law (it. Legge ), also called Legge Basaglia, from the name of the author of the reform, Franco Basaglia. La psicopatologia e la “LEGGE ”. 4 novembre, – I. La prospettiva della psicopatologia. Ho pensato di dare il mio contributo al Quarantennale.
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Partly this is because only a very small proportion of the phenomenal Italian literature on the topic has been translated into English, but also because John Foot is not as helpful as he might have been in citing English translations of Luisa Passerini’s Autobiography of A Generation, or Dora Garcia’s Mad Marginal series, for example even where they are available.
It was a rushed compromise of legislation that effectively ended the era of detention and repression for the mentally ill. Pratiche e politiche per la salute mentale: As David Forgacs, another distinguished historian of modern Italy, whose study of Italy’s margins deserves to be read alongside John Foot’s work, remarks, it is only by a ‘play of false memory’ that the law continues to be referred to in Italy to this day as the ‘legge Basaglia’.
In the National Mental Health Conference, Italian neurologist and laureate of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Rita Levi-Montalcini expressed her admiration for Franco Basaglia by calling him the founder of the new conception of mental illness, a magnificent scientist and fine human being who really lived the tragic problem of mental illness.
The president of the World Phenomenology Institute Anna-Teresa Tymieniecka states that Basaglia managed to pull together substantial revolutionary and reformatory energies around his anti-institutional project and created the conditions which within a few years brought to the reform of mental health legislation in Then a medical student, he was arrested and spent six months in prison.
This work started out as a kind of biography of the Italian radical psychiatrist Franco Basaglia, but it turned into something different — a cultural history of a wide-ranging and multi-faceted movement. In addition, he is not burdened by any kind of formal background in mental health or history of psychiatry, and so is innocent of the prejudices and preconceptions that those of us on the inside track frequently carry with us, and in a position to make common cause in this respect with the voluntari, the lay personswho made such a notable contribution to the Italian movement through their enthusiasm and openness of outlook.
Since the passing of Law inthe Italian Mental Health Act has produced serious debate, disputing its sociopolitical implications, appraising its positive points and criticizing its negative ones.
Ironically, with this title Franco Basaglia is thrown back into the pit of stereotypes and misrepresentations from which it has been the business of the book to retrieve him. My projects for the future would like to take on the commonplace and measure it against the reality and the evidence of the post-asylum system. There is no doubt that such law represented a scientific and cultural breakthrough in the way mental illness was conceived and a significant condemnation of the basically violent treatment that was taken place in asylums.
Basaglia recognized that many of the characteristics of his patients which were believed to be inherent in their mental illness, such as the vacant stares and the repetitive gestures and movements, appeared to dissolve as lrgge patients left the confines of the asylum. The team was faced, inevitably, with opposition from the old guard of asylum staff and, especially, by traditionalist elements outside.
Basaglia Law – Wikipedia
In subsequent years, however, Jervis became more pragmatic in his approach, more willing to accept the reality of mental illness. A specific worry regarding the structural alterations that could modify the cultural identity of psychoanalysis has arisen from this exchange.
It is, at the very least, a distortion, not to say a gross misrepresentation, of the content and argument of the book, and of the author’s intentions. Regional Perspectives and Shared Concerns. The Asylum Condition’, a photobook containing searing images by Carla Cerati and Gianni Berengo Gardin that was widely celebrated as marking a new departure in political campaigning.
This law imposed the closure of mental hospitals and established public mental health services. Retrieved llegge July On his first day in charge bzsaglia Gorizia, Basaglia refused to sign the permits for the restraint of prisoners, and from then on his aim was to introduce democracy within the asylum. Their real accomplishment was the ability to inspire politicians to advocate these conceptions and persuade colleagues to implement them, thereby enabling sustainable and real change.
While basaglai the process of transformation of mental health care across the European Region, Matt Muijen argues that the influence of professionals has obviously been decisive, mostly psychiatrists who acted as advocates of change, such as Philippe Pinel in France in the 19th century and Franco Basaglia in Italy in the 20th.
Did they go back to normal life? According to Corrado Barbui and Michele Tansellaafter 30 years of implementation, Law remains unique in mental health law around the world, as Italy is the only country where traditional psychiatric hospitals are outside the law.
Trent’anni di 180
This page was last edited on 13 Decemberat Count me in on the next ride, though along the way I will insist on walking from time to time. Locked wards were opened, bars, shackles and strait-jackets removed. Lectures at the College de France, —74 Basingstoke,p. This is a banal and unadorned statement of fact. Knowledge in Mental Health: However, under this banner there was a lot of work, but also baaglia and even fanaticism.
Some of the most interesting descriptions in Foot’s account are of people and places, such as Perugia, Parma and Reggio Emilia, that have been somewhat marginal or tangential to the mainstream Basaglian narrative.
They offered conceptions of new models of effective and humane care, revolutionary for their times, replacing abusive and inadequate traditional services. The Italian mental health care is based on Law it.
Well, what were they exactly? Doctors were expected to be ever-present and available. Everyone made mistakes’ p.
Keeping track of the rich and complicated history of the Italian movement as it unfolded can be confusing, involving as it did different places, innumerable actors, inevitable rivalries and fallings out, controversies and competing accounts. The Politics of Mental Health in Italy. Felix Guattari described Basaglia’s work as ‘a war of liberation’ p.
Loading comments… Trouble loading? Basaglia and his followers believed that psychiatry was used as the provider to the establishment of scientific support for social control.
Psychiatry and mental health care in the twentieth century: Mario Tommasini, a crusader against the horrors of the asylum in Colorno, is brilliantly portrayed.
The psychoanalytic movement has always taken an interest in many arenas and institutions have often been a special observatory.