In the 8th century BC, India could be broadly understood in terms of five large regions viz. Madhyadesa (the middle country), Pratichya (western lands), Prachya. By the 6th century B.C. there were approximately 22 different Janapadas. The key points related to the Janapadas and the Mahajanapadas are. PDF | On Jan 1, , Karam Tej Sarao and others published Janapadas, Mahājanapadas, Kingdoms, and Republics.

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Chalukya Dynastyc. In Buddha’s time, many of the Assakas were located on the banks of the river Godavari south of the Vindhya mountains. A coin of Takshashilaportrays a tree flanked by a hill surmounted by a crescent and a Nandipada above a swastika. Crisis of the Sixteenth Century.

In Pali literature, the Matsyas are usually associated with the Surasenas. The samiti was a common assembly of the jana members, and mahajanaadas the power to elect or dethrone the king. University of Calcutta, p.

Raychaudhuri, as a HistorianNorthern Book Centre, p. There was, however, a struggle for supremacy between king Pasenadi Prasenajit and king Ajatashatru of Magadha which was finally settled once the confederation of Lichchavis became aligned with Magadha. Interpretations of Ancient Indian Polity: They were a powerful people dwelling in Northern South Asia. The fact mauajanapadas Janapada is derived from Jana points to an early stage of land-taking by the Jana tribe for a settled way of life.


In the Vedic samhitasmahajanaapdas term jana denotes a tribe, whose members believed in a shared ancestry. Anga was annexed by Magadha in the time of Bimbisara.

Altekarthis theory is based on a misunderstanding of the text: Crisis of the Sixteenth Century. Ahichatra was ajd capital of Northern Panchala whereas Kampilya was the capital of Southern Panchala.

Janapadas and Mahajanapadas

The Puranas mention seven sub-divisions of ancient India: The Buddhist Anguttara Nikayaat several places, [13] gives a list of sixteen great nations:. Kambojas are also included in the Uttarapatha. The Nandas usurped the throne of Shishunaga dynasty c.

Often a military general conducted these campaigns on behalf of his king. They are placed in the north-west in the Markendeya Purana janapadae the Brhat Samhita.

Similarly, the Yadava clan of kings formed numerous kingdoms in Central India. The princes of this country are said to have come from the line of Druhyu who was a famous king of the Rigvedic period. Avanti was divided into north and south by the river Narmada. Similarly, there were some tribes in the eastern regions of India considered to janapads in this category. For the sense of “population of the land”, padasya janasthe inverted padajana would be expected.


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The Buddhist canonical texts – Anguttara NikayaDigha NikayaChulla-Niddesaalthough with some differences between them, primarily refer to the following 16 mahajanapadas “great janapadas”: Talbert and Ambautai people located to south of Hindukush Mountains Geography 6. The Matsyas had not much political importance of their own during the time of Buddha.

16 Mahajanapada and their capitals

Late medieval Delhi Sultanatec. Iron Age — BC.

Janapada state in ancient India. Chalcolithic — BC Anarta tradition.