Time Duration and Simultaneity . Chia (), inspired by process philosopher Henri Bergson’s thinking about time, argued against the way knowledge about. Bergson. – Duration And Simultaneity [Book Review]. J. Merleau-Ponty Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe. Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe Time, Duration and Freedom – Bergson’s Critical Move Against Kant.

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Thus Bergsonian intuition is always an intuition of what is other. But as Bergson notes, the tendency is one thing; the rational method is another. The science of electromagnetism, which you have so laboriously built up, would have been mine to remake: Open access to the SEP is made possible by a world-wide funding initiative. Academic Tools How to cite this entry. Yet it is si,ultaneity so, as any- one who cares to read the literature can verify for himself.


The idea of qualitative multiplicities is difficult to understand, although it is the heart of Bergson’s thinking. Sympathy is not only the easiest to grasp, it is also significant, as we shall see.

Henri Bergson, Duration and Simultaneity: Bergson and the Einsteinian Universe Reviewed by

The analyses and distinctions that we have just made, and the reflections on time and its measurement that we are simultaheity to present will make it easy to deal with the interpretation of Einstein s theory. From the mathematical standpoint, there is no objec- tion to this. Turning back from the habitual use of intelligence for needs, intuition, as we can see now, places us above or below representations.

Philosophy, for Bergson, does not consist in choosing between concepts and in taking sides The Creative Mindp. Such is the conclusion that will emerge from our work of analysis. For Bergson — and perhaps this is his greatest insight — freedom is mobility. Although his international fame ximultaneity cult-like heights during his lifetime, his influence decreased notably after the second World War. Our two physicists will therefore naturally find that the time for the journey from O to A, com- puted by means of the two clocks located at O and A respec- tively, is equal to half the round trip’s total time, as computed on the clock at O alone.


This time we shall have a more exact image of our development in duration. The Use of Useless Knowledge: That is what, according to the great majority of its advocates, Ein- stein s theory of relativity requires. The color spectrum helps us understand this, since bergxon color spectrum has a multiplicity of different shades or nuances of color.

This shows beyond question that it is basic to the theory that the time of simultaenity distant event can be chosen as we wish, and that Einstein made his choice in order to justify the Maxweli- Lorentz theory.

Originally they were one, and although, in. Second, the diversity resulting from evolution must be accounted for as well. That is why, in our opinion, if we adhere strictly to Einstein’s theory, all the philosophical difficulties relative to time disap- pear, and so too will all the oddities that have led so many minds astray. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Time and Free Will. To a degree never previously attained, the material future of the world is in the hands of a small body of men, on whose not merely superficially appar- ent but absolute, intuitive in Bergson’s sense of the word integrity the fate of all depends, and that quality is lacking. But, on the other hand, he has shown that life also consists in the duratiln necessities imposed on our body and accounting for our habitual mode of knowing in spatial terms.

However, in Bergson’s will, he does not mention Duration and Simultaneity as a text not duratiob be republished. He was appointed professor of philosophy at the College de France in and elected a member of the French Academy in He showed that if this were so, no experiment carried out on any body at all, without reference to anything external, could reveal whether that body was moving or not although, in fact, there was a real differ- ence between these states provided that the motion was uni- form and that its velocity did not exceed that of light.


Let us consider that this action, in spite of its duration, is indivisible simultandity one supposes that it ebrgson on without stopping; that, if we intercalate a stop in duratio, we make two actions of it instead of one and that each of these actions will then be the indivisible of which we speak; that sjmultaneity is not the moving act itself which is never indivisible, but the motionless line it lays down beneath it like a track in space.

W ‘ltsimultaneitj pp. Bergson’s answer to this question inevitably brings us back to his basic philosophic theme, which consists of his distinction between real, lived time and its “spatialization” into the objects, events, and clock-time of everyday life and of scientific activity. Then gravita- tional fields must be postulated to start, reverse, and stop reter, while the operation of Paul’s engine-which, in the tormer way of speaking, caused his accelerations —now serves to Keep rum at rest by neutralizing the effect of the fields.

The next contribution to Nature 2 began, “May I suggest an alternative approach to this problem.

Full text of “Duration And Simultaneity Henri Bergson”

We are then left to calculate x. We must therefore replace ourselves in the state of mind in which we were to be found in the beginning, when we believed in a motionless ether in absolute rest, and yet had to account for the Michelson-Morley experiment.

Only the stationary observer is aware of them. For Bergson, image differs from representation, but it does not differ in nature from representation since Bergson’s criticism of materialism consists in showing that matter does not differ in nature from representation.

Bergson’s answer — his third step — is that, because at the periphery duratioon intelligence a fringe of instinct survives, we are able fundamentally to rejoin the essence of life.

It was the greatest joy of my life. Naturally, therefore, strenuous efforts were made to avoid Michelson’s conclusion.