George Nicholas Papanicolaou was born in Kimi on the island of Euboea. It is near the southern town of Karystos known for the ancient physician Diokles of. Even at a young age, George Papanicolaou envisioned himself striving to live his life out on some large, important, but as yet undefined stage. After receiving his. Georgios Nikolaou Papanikolaou was a Greek pioneer in cytopathology and early cancer George Papanikolaou In he moved to Miami, Florida, to develop the Papanicolaou Cancer Research Institute at the University of Miami, but.

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Science and Its Times: Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology. The position he finally found and accepted was as the physiologist for a scientific expedition on an oceanographic research vessel sponsored by the Oceanographic Museum of Monaco and the Prince of Monaco. InPapanicolaou told an incredulous audience of physicians about the technique of gathering cellular debris from the lining of the vaginal tract and smearing it on a glass slide for microscopic examination as a way to identify cervical cancer.

Cytopathology, Cancer September 29, An eponym is a word derived from the name of a person, whether real or fictional. Miami, FloridaUS. He returned to Coumi, where he joined his father briefly in the practice of medicine, before leaving for further education in Germany.

After serving in the army, he joined his father’s medical practice for awhile before pursuing a career in academic medicine.

Modern Language Association http: Thus what was probably the first Pap smear — from a guinea pig. He attended the University of Athens, majoring not in biology, but music and the humanities.

George Papanicolaou (1883–1962): Discoverer of the Pap smear

Despite success and acclaim, Papanicolaou continued to work at least six days a week and went years between vacations. Those of us who looked upon him as a guiding star will always owe him our gratitude, and those women who were helped by his test owe him their lives.


Shortly thereafter, inhe published Atlas of Exfoliative Cytologya treatise containing comprehensive information on the cytology of both healthy and diseased tissue, not just in the female reproductive system but also in other organ systems.

Papanicolaou’s nicholaw communication on the subject did not appear until when, with gynecologist Herbert Traut, he published a paper on the diagnostic value of vaginal smears in carcinoma of the uterus.

Lo and behold, he discovered that the sloughed cervical cells did reveal the menstrual cycle as well as cancer cells when they were there. A British researcher had shown that cancer cells could be identified in lung cancer back in the early s. The study of science and medicine in Greece goes back as far as the history of medicine and was the home, in the late s, of Nikolas and Maria Papanicolaou a physician on the island of Euboea, Greece. George Papanicolaou Biography [Accessed February 24, ].

He is best known for creating the Papanicolaou test, commonly known as the Pap smear, which revolutionised the early detection of cervical cancer. He first reported that uterine cancer could be diagnosed by means of a vaginal smear inbut the importance of his work was not recognized until the publication, together with Herbert Frederick Traut —of Diagnosis of Uterine Cancer by the Vaginal Smear in Papanicolaou’s studies in clinical cytology were reinforced by new ways of examining disease in general, and by specific medical breakthroughs.

He was described as a modest man. That year he had undertaken a study of vaginal fluid in women, in hopes of observing cellular changes over the course of a menstrual cycle. Inhe graduated from medical school with top honours.

George Nicholas Papanicolaou

Sign in to annotate. They landed at Ellis Island on October 19, with just enough money for their visas and speaking no English.

Retrieved December 31, from Encyclopedia. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. After graduation, Papanicolaou worked in the military as an assistant surgeon for a short time, then returned to his hometown, Kimi. Cornell University New York Hospital.


For the next two years, he cared for leprosy patients on the outskirts of his hometown. Retrieved 22 January — via Newspapers.

A screening test for the prevention of cancer of uterine cervix. The paper and the Pap test proved papanciolaou be a fundamental milestone in the treatment of a deadly cancer in women. Papanicolaou’s findings meant that cervical cancer could be detected and treated before it could metastasize to other sites. Views Read Edit View history.

Two laboratories bear his name at Cornell; he authored four books and over articles; he was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Physiology and Medicine; and, was awarded the United Nations Prize in After early schooling in Coumi, he attended Gymnasium in Athens and then studied medicine at the University of Athens.

It is our ambition to present a complete survey of all medical phenomena named for a person, with a biography of that person. During his research Papanicolaou observed that smears from women who had been diagnosed with cervical cancer showed cellular abnormalities enlarged, deformed, or hyperchromatic nuclei. George’s violin playing at restaurants and coffee-shops supplied them with a few extra cents. InPapanicolaou and clinical gynecologist Herbert F.

He was designated professor emeritus of clinical anatomy at Cornell in Sackett, Evidence-based Nnicholas — 2 Apr 31 – E.

George Nicholas Papanicolaou |

He subsequently researched the human female menstrual cycle cytology and used his techniques to examine cells for cancer in ; he then presented and published about the same thing in humans in —to a skeptical audience of surgeons. Individuals Law and crime Manufacture and trade Media and performing arts Medicine and nicholad.

Open in a separate window. Inthe US Postal Service honoured him with a commemorative cent postage stamp.