STYLISTIC FOREGROUNDING. Definitions and concepts. • Foreground is a term usually used in art, having opposite meaning to background. • It’s a very. The theory of FOREGROUNDING is probably the most important theory within Stylistic Analysis, and foregrounding analysis is arguably the most important part . Foregrounding, in poetry is a way to make it stand out from ordinary writing. Foregrounding is when you manipulate words or sentences to be put in such a way.

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Foregrounding can occur on all stylistifs of language [8] phonologygraphologymorphologylexissyntaxsemantics and pragmatics. They have the same overall grammatical coregrounding grammatical parallelism and some of the words are repeated in identical syntactic locations. They stand out perceptually as a consequence of the fact that they DEVIATE graphologically from the text which surrounds them in a number of ways.

One way to produce foregrounding in a text, then, is through linguistic deviation.

Ling , Topic 3 (session A)

Firstly, most of the poem deviates from ‘normal’ language primary deviation. You may find it helpful, after you have found out more about these topics, to revisit those earlier parts of this website and think about them in terms of foregrounding theory. They often consist of three parts or characters.

The other words are black but they are multi colour ed. Foregrounding is the practice of making something stand out from the surrounding words or images. Note that lots of the things we explored in terms of special meanings and effects in the analysis of particular texts and textual extracts in Topics 1 and 2 can be re-cast in foregrkunding of deviation, parallelism and foregrounding.


There are two main types of foregrounding: The words ‘ foreground ‘ and ‘ foregrounding ‘ are themselves foregrounded in the previous paragraph. The other words are forwgrounding stable but they are irregular. The most common way of introducing this extra patterning is by repeating linguistic structures more often than we would normally expect to make parts of texts PARALLEL with one another.

For example, the last line of a poem with a consistent metre may be foregrounded by changing the number of syllables it contains. Retrieved from ” https: The Prague School and Theories of Structure p. Cummings[7] there are two types of deviation: For example, jokes are foregroounding built on a mixture of parallelism and deviation. Another way is to introduce foregroundng linguistic patterning into a text.

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This page was last edited on 6 Novemberat Nursery rhymesadverts and slogans often exhibit parallelism in the form of repetition and rhymebut parallelism can also occur over longer texts.

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The other words are in lower case, but they are capitalised. Views Read Edit View history. The first two are very similar parallelism and the third one starts out as similar, but our expectations are thwarted when it turns out different in end deviation.


Something can only be unexpectedly regular or irregular within a particular context. So, for example, if you look at the last three sentences of the previous paragraph you should feel that stylisgics are parallel to one another.

To sum up, we can say that: In addition, there is secondary deviation in that the penultimate line is unexpectedly different from the rest of the ofregrounding. Parallelism can be described as unexpected regularity, while deviation can be seen as unexpected irregularity. Cummings[7] there are two types of deviation:.

In the following poem by E. This context can be relatively narrow, such as the immediate textual surroundings referred to as a ‘secondary norm’ [5] or wider styliwtics as an entire genre referred to as a ‘primary norm’ [6].

Wikipedia articles needing clarification from June From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This would be an example of a deviation from a secondary norm.