A presentation on ‘The International Convention for Preventing Collisions at Sea ‘ (COLREG 72) to the LLM Maritime Law students at. (c) Nothing in these rules shall interfere with the operation of any special rules made by the. Government of any State with respect to additional station or signal . for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREG),. Prof. Manuel Ventura. MSc in Marine Engineering and Naval Architecture. a. COLREG. 2. COLREG.

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Rule 10 states that ships crossing traffic lanes are required to do so “as nearly as practicable at right angles to the general direction of traffic flow.

They have been amended several times since their first adoption.

International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea

Again, when vessels are crossing each other in 19722 directions and there is the least doubt of their going clear, the vessel on the starboard tack should persevere in her course, while that on the larboard tack should bear up, or keep away before the wind.

Rule 14 deals with head-on situations. So when two vessels are approaching each 1792, both having the wind free and consequently the power of readily controlling their movements, the vessel on the larboard tack must give way and each pass to the right.

Learn how and when to remove these template messages. The summary below is based upon [ clarification needed ] but is not identical to co,reg published text. Rule 5 requires that “every vessel shall at all times maintain 9172 proper look-out by sight and hearing as well as by all available means appropriate in the prevailing circumstances and conditions so as to make a full appraisal of the situation and of the risk of collision.

Wikisource has original text related to this article: Please coolreg on JavaScript and try again. The Rule also forbids ships to cross a narrow channel or fairway “if such crossing impedes the passage of a vessel which can safely navigate only within such channel or fairway. By the regulations or Articles had been adopted by more than thirty maritime countries, including Germany and the United States passed by the United States Congress as Rules to prevent Collisions at Sea.


The International Maritime Organization IMO convention, including the almost four dozen “rules” contained in the international regulations, must be adopted by each member country that is signatory to the convention—COLREG laws must exist within each jurisdiction.

Part C Lights and Shapes Rules Rule 20 states rules concerning lights apply from sunset to sunrise.

Collision Regulations (COLREG )

Rule 22 covers visibility of lights – indicating that lights should be visible at minimum ranges in nautical miles determined according to the type of vessel. The Racing Rules of Sailingwhich govern the conduct of yacht and dinghy racing under the sanction of national sailing authorities which are members of the International Sailing Federation ISAF cooreg, are based on the COLREGs, but differ in some important matters such as overtaking and right of way close to turning marks in competitive sailing.

Colregs for the Yachties. Rule 12 states action to be taken when two sailing vessels are approaching one another. The use or exhibition of any of the foregoing signals except for the purpose of indicating distress and need of assistance and the use of other signals which may be confused with any of the above signals is prohibited.

In other areas where such schemes did not exist the number of collisions rose sharply. Rule 26 covers light requirements for fishing vessels. Skip to main content. Retrieved 26 March Section II – Conduct of vessels in sight of one another Rules Rule 7 covering risk of collision, which warns that 1927 shall not be made on the basis of scanty information, especially scanty radar information”.

Rule 37 covers distress signals. The importance of using “all available means” is further stressed in. Help on using footnotes is available. Rule 25 covers light requirements for sailing vessels underway and vessels under oars. The same rule governs vessels sailing on the wind and approaching each other coolreg it is doubtful which is to windward.

Rather, there can be a “give way” burdened vessel and a “stand on” privileged vessel, or there may be two give way vessels with no stand on vessel. Views Read Edit View history. Several of these refer specifically to vessels equipped with radar. Admiralty court Vice admiralty court.


But if the vessel on the larboard tack is so far to windward that if both persist in their course, the other will strike her on the lee side abaft the beam or near the stern, in that case the vessel on the starboard tack should give way, as she can do so with greater facility and less loss of time and distance than the other. The working languages are English, French and Spanish. Congress of the United States.

International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea – Wikipedia

Some content on this site is available in all official languages. WikiProject Transport may be able to help recruit an expert. A stand on vessel does not have an absolute right of way over any give way vessel, for if there is a risk of collision, a stand on vessel may still be obliged under Rule 2 and Rule 17 to give way so as to avoid it, if doing so will be effective and is practicable. A vessel that has the wind free or sailing before or with the wind must get out of the way of the vessel that is close-hauled, or sailing by or against it and the vessel on the starboard tack has a right to keep her course, and the one on the larboard tack must give way or be answerable for the consequences.

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Rule 10 of the Collision Regulations deals with the behaviour of vessels in or near traffic separation schemes adopted by the Organization. This section needs additional citations for verification. It was stressed that Rule 10 applies to traffic separation schemes adopted by the Organization Colrey and does not relieve any vessel of her obligation under any other rule. Inthe United States codified its common law rules for preventing collisions.

The following signals, used or exhibited either together or separately, indicate distress and need of assistance:. Turn on more accessible mode.