Allanblackia floribunda is an evergreen Tree growing to 25 m (82ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The flowers are pollinated by Insects. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vol 2. Names. Allanblackia floribunda Oliv. [family GUTTIFERAE]. Allanblackia parviflora A. Chev. [family GUTTIFERAE] . Native geographic distributions of (a) Allanblackia floribunda; (b) A. parviflora; and (c) A. stuhlmannii. Maps reprinted with permission from.
|Published (Last):||4 October 2014|
|PDF File Size:||11.82 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||14.32 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Fatty acids and glycerides of the seed fats of Allanblackia floribunda and Allanblackia parviflora. Shimane University, Matsue, Japan, pp.
The samples analyzed by the ESFA were derived from only two species of Allanblackia and, thus, did not represent the full species diversity to be found in the tropical rain forests in various geographic regions of Africa.
Citation in scholarly articles. Bamps occurs in Cameroon and Gabon.
Tallow Tree (Allanblackia floribunda) ·
When dry it saws well, but green wood may spring on conversion. Granular, reddish or brown, exuding clear sap. Articles with ‘species’ microformats All stub articles. Unrefined seed oils from Allanblackia have been shown to contain bioactive secondary metabolites i.
Received Jul 27; Accepted Aug Another study, in which A. The fairly hard heartwood of Allanblackia floribunda is pale red or brown and usually fairly distinctly demarcated from the thick, pinkish beige sapwood. Effects of diets containing high or low amounts of stearic acid on plasma lipoprotein fractions and fecal fatty acid excretion of men.
These results indicate that including fats and oils or functional foods containing these that are rich in stearic acid, as opposed to other SFAs, in the diet could be advantageous, particularly for hypercholesterolemic individuals [ 38 ].
Allanbllackia FAO had already identified Allanblackia as a crop of high potential interest indue to the potential for the seed oil which was listed as a non-edible oil at that time to become a profitable and sustainable raw material, the development of which could benefit rural communities [ 29 ]. Guttiferone F, the first prenylated benzophenone from Allanblackia stuhlmannii. With respect to the use of Allanblackia oil as a functional food, therefore, this information serves as evidence that at least the unrefined seed oil contains bioactive secondary metabolites that could exert pharmacological effects.
Seedling with hypogeal germination. Allanblackia klainei Pierre ex A. The Hehe people, native to south-central Tanzania, have been reported to combine the seed oil with crushed seeds of Psorospermum febrifugum Spach Hypericaceae and rub the mixture into the soles of the feet to heal deep cracks [ 46 ]. The compounds isolated showed moderate in-vitro cytotoxicity against the KB cancer cell line. The food products that contain Allanblackia seed oil include vegetable-based dairy products, ice cream, and spreads [ 25 ].
You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. The use of hot water as an extraction solvent, due to its low cost, toxicity, and environmental impact, was investigated as a method of extracting oil from A. The fatty acid composition of the fat is approximately: Several studies and surveys have been conducted in recent years to assess the socioeconomic progress associated with the establishment of a supply chain for Allanblackia oil [ allanblavkia3031 ].
In Gabon a decoction of the inner bark is taken to treat dysentery and as a mouthwash to treat toothache, in Congo to treat stomach-ache. Prospects If domestication efforts are allahblackia, Allanblackia floribunda or one of the related large-fruited Allanblackia species may become a promising crop in the rainforest zone of Africa. Crown Agents; London, UK: Allanblackia floribunda – Oliv. The weight of seeds is about 1 kg. In a more recent study, in which seeds collected from seven individuals of A.
Allanblackia floribunda Vegetable Tallow. Tallow tree PFAF Plant Database
Results from detailed, systematic, comparative analyses of the chemical composition of seeds from species of Allanblackia have not been made publically available. Harvesting The degree of maturity of fruits on the tree can not be estimated, so mature fruits are left to drop to the ground and are then collected.
Allanblackiaa new tree crop in Africa for the global food industry: The flowering plants of Africa. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The medium-sized tree up to 30 meters tall is evergreen and dioecious male and female flowers on different plants. Diseases and pests The fruits and seeds are eaten by many wild animals and losses are great unless mature fruits are collected frequently. Tree-to-tree variation in stearic and oleic acid content in seed fat from Allanblackia floribunda from wild stands: National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.
Flowers solitary in leaf axils or crowded at the end of branches.
A decoction of the inner bark is taken to treat diarrhoea, dysentery and stomach aches. Clusiaceae in African rain forests. However, their areas of distribution are disjunct, the former occurring from Guinea and Sierra Leone to Ghana.
The quality parameters, namely the acid index, iodine index, and refractive index values, were similar for these two oils, although the former two parameters were higher for A. Twigs have been used as candlesticks[ ].
Citation in web searches. Revision du genre Allanblackia Oliv.
Springer Verlag; Berlin, Germany: Allanblackia trees that have been planted for the commercial production of seed oil need significant time to mature, usually seven years or more, before they produce an economic crop, and due to the dioecious nature of the plants, obviously a crop will only be obtained from productive female plants. Open in a separate window. Table 1 Botanical characteristics of three species of Allanblackia of commercial interest [ 101112 ].
In their application to include Allanblackia seed oil in vegetable-based spreads, submitted inUnilever Deutschland GmbH indicated that some batches of the unrefined seed oil contained benzophenone derivatives i.